• Fri. May 24th, 2024

The Complexities of Epilepsy: Genetics and Treatment Options for a Common Brain Disease

BySamantha Nguyen

Mar 25, 2024
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Epilepsy is a disease that affects about one percent of the world’s population, with most cases being genetic in nature. However, head injuries, brain tumors, and drug and alcohol use can also cause epileptic seizures. The exact cause of these seizures is often unclear, which leads to treatments that focus on preventing electrical disturbances and reducing the risk of repeated attacks.

Despite this, around half of patients respond well to drug treatment and experience a full quality of life with minimal seizures. For those who require more complex treatments, surgery may be an option to remove the epileptic focus in the brain. However, some patients are resistant to drug treatment and may not have this option available to them.

It’s important to note that convulsions can be caused by temporary conditions like exposure to drugs or poisons or abnormal blood levels of sodium or glucose. These convulsions usually do not recur once the underlying issue is resolved. However, conditions like head injuries, strokes, tumors, birth defects, and metabolic diseases can lead to recurring convulsions. While epilepsy may be a lifelong condition for some individuals, modern drug treatments allow most patients to lead normal lives with some eventually needing less medication or even stopping treatment altogether. EEG tests are typically used to diagnose epilepsy by recording brain waves over time and detecting changes that indicate epileptic activity requiring drug treatment.

In summary, epilepsy is a common disease that can be genetic or caused by external factors such as head injuries or brain tumors. Treatments focus on preventing electrical disturbances and reducing the risk of repeated seizures while EEG tests are used for diagnosis. With modern drug treatments and potential surgical options available for some patients

By Samantha Nguyen

As a content writer at newsskio.com, I weave words to craft compelling narratives that captivate readers and bring stories to life. With a keen eye for detail and a passion for storytelling, I strive to create engaging and informative content that resonates with our audience. Whether I'm delving into the latest news trends or exploring unique angles on various topics, my goal is to deliver quality content that informs, entertains, and inspires. Join me on this journey as we uncover the news stories that matter most.

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